What you need to know: The World Health Organization (WHO) developed and promotes the “One Health” concept, an interdisciplinary approach to the study of the spread of diseases between animals and humans to better protect public health. One Health studies aim to capture the inherent interdependence of human and animal health and the environment. The One Health approach is particularly relevant for the study of the epidemiology of tick-borne pathogens (TBPs). The chains of infection of TBPs frequently involve multiple con-tributors, including different life stages of the vector (questing or feeding larvae, nymphs and adults ticks), wildlife, domestic animals, livestock and humans. However, most of the epidemiological studies explore only one of these elements in a localized environment. The implementation of “One Health” approaches require coordination among major stakeholders (such as veterinarians, physicians, acarolo-gists and researchers) and the identification of chains of infection including animals ticks and humans. This can lead to a more effective control of tick-borne diseases. To address this challenge, we propose to study the possible circulation of TBPs in ticks, animals and humans within defined epidemiological settings.
Où on va? One Health approaches will be used to identify and study chains of infections leading to human exposure to TBPs.